The ovary is the name of the process by which a hormonal change occurs once every menstrual cycle causes the ovary to release an egg. You can only get pregnant if a sperm fertilizes an egg. Ovulation usually occurs 12 to 16 days before the start of your next period. Eggs are containing in your ovaries. During the first part of each menstrual cycle, one egg develops and matures.
- When you reach the ovary, your body increases the hormone estrogen, which lingers in your uterus and helps create a sperm-friendly environment. These high estrogen levels cause a sudden increase in another hormone called luteinizing hormone (LH). The rise of LH causes the release of the mature egg from the ovary this is the ovary.
- Ovulation usually occurs within 24 to 36 hours of LH increase. An increase in LH is a good predictor of maximum fertility. The egg can be fertilized only 24 hours after ovulation. If it did not fertilize the lungs in the uterus will shed (the egg will disappear with it) and your period will begin. This marks the beginning of the next menstrual cycle.
When is ovulation?
The length of the menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman and from cycle to cycle but is usually between 23 and 35 days. Ovulation usually occurs 12-16 days before the next period.
Most women think they will ovulate on the 14th day but this is just normal. Most women will ovulate in real on a different day of the menstrual cycle and this will also vary from cycle to cycle. In fact, 46% of the menstrual cycle changes in seven days or more. Although some women claim to feel pain when ovulating, most do not feel any sensation and there are no other physical signs in the ovary. To conceive, it is important to have intercourse on your fertile days; if you want to find out when your most fertile days are, it is important to know your body and your own menstrual cycle.
How long do it last?
The ovary releases an egg from the ovary immediately – the hair follicle explodes and pushes the egg into the fallopian tube very quickly.
Difference between ovulation and fertile days?
An egg lasts up to 24 hours and sperm can be active for up to five days. So it may come as a surprise to learn that a couple can become pregnant through sexual intercourse four or five days before the egg is released. The total ‘fertility window’ is about six days, taking into account the lifespan of both the sperm and the egg. ‘Fertile days’ are the days when you have the potential to become pregnant if you have unprotected sex during your menstrual cycle. Identifying extra fertile days gives couples more flexibility to plan intercourse around their lifestyle and more opportunities to conceive, which can reduce the stress that couples may experience while trying to conceive.
When is a woman most fertile?
You are more fertile during each cycle and therefore are more likely to get pregnant with unprotected sex on the day of the ovulation and the day before. You will experience high fertility and there will be a few days before when you have a chance to get pregnant. It is less likely to conceive outside of this ‘fertility window’ of about six days.
Symptoms and signs to look out for
Here are the top seven signs of ovulation that you should look for:
- Basal body temperature drops slightly and rises again.
- Cervical mucus is clearer and thinner with a smoother consistency than egg whites.
- Your cervix softens and opens.
- You may feel slight pain or mild ache in your lower abdomen.
- Your sexuality may increase.
- You can see a light spot.
- Your vagina or vulva may appear swollen.
There are a number of ways to predict when you will start ovulating.
How to prepare for the ovary and how to pinpoint the time:
Check the calendar
Keep a menstrual cycle calendar for a few months so you can get an idea of what is normal – or use the tools that help you calculate the ovary. If your periods are irregular, you should be more vigilant for other ovarian symptoms.
Listen to your body
Do you feel the ovulation occur? If you are about 20 percent of women, your body will send you a message when you ovulate, in the form of pain or soreness in your lower abdomen (usually positioned to one side – you ovulate from the side). The Germans for “middle pain” – also known as Mittleshmers – think this monthly reminder of fertility is due to the maturation or release of an egg from the ovary.
Pay close attention
Then you are more likely to get the message. Monitor your basal body temperature or BBT. Specifically, with a basal body thermometer, the basal body temperature is the basic reading you should get in the morning, at least three or five hours after bedtime and before you get out of bed, to talk or sit down. Your BBT changes throughout your cycle as hormone levels fluctuate. Estrogen dominates the first half of your cycle before ovulation.
In the second half after ovulation, there is an increase in progesterone, which causes your body temperature to rise as your uterus prepares for a fertilized, implanted egg.
That means your temperature will be lower in the first half of the month than in the second half. It is important to know that studies have shown that many women find this approach somewhat frustrating and that the time of ovulation changes in women after the temperature drops. Ovarian prediction kits are more accurate.